Foil

Female and male, both include individual and team competition. In foil the valid target area includes the torso and the groin. The foil is used as a thrusting weapon only. Contact with the side of the blade does not result in a score. Electric foils are used in official games, and metallic vests will be worn on fencers. When hit on target, a colored light is shown; when hit off target, a white light is shown. Right-of-way rule is the decision criterion used by referee to determine which fencer receives the point if both fencers land a valid hit at the same time. If both fencer attack simultaneously and hit off target, the game continues. Foil most depends on skill and tactic due to light weight and small valid target area. The electric scoring apparatus has been used since 1955. There are four Olympic events: Male Individual (1896), Male Team (1904), Female Individual (1924), Female Team (1960).

 

  Epee

Female and male, both include individual and team competition. In foil the valid target area is the entire body. The epee is used as a thrusting weapon only. Contact with the side of the blade does not result in a score. Epee is the first fencing event starts using the electric scoring apparatus. Double-touches are allowed in epee, although the touches must occur within 1/4 of a second of each other. Since the entire body is a target and there is no right-of-way rule, fencing matches with the epee require a large amount of concentration, accuracy and speed. A successful epee fencer must be able to anticipate their opponent's moves and strike their opponent at the correct time. There are four Olympic events: Male Individual (1900), Male Team (1908), Female Individual (1996), Female Team (1996).

 

  Sabre

Female and male, both include individual and team competition. The target area for the sabre consists of the torso above the waist, as well as the arms and head (excluding both hands). The sabre differs from epee and foil, it is possible to score with the edge of the blade. Electric sabres are used in official games, and metallic vests will be worn on fencers. When hit on target, a colored light is shown; when hit off target, no light is shown. Right-of-way rule is the decision criterion used by referee to determine which fencer receives the point if both fencers land a valid hit at the same time. If both fencer attack simultaneously and hit off target, the game restarts at same place. Sabre highly requires swift movements and quick responses. The electric scoring apparatus has been used since 1989. There are four Olympic events: Male Individual (1896), Male Team (1908), Female Individual (2004), Female Team (2008).

 

  Team Competition

Each team contains three fencers and the order is decided by the captain. Substitutes are allowed. Each two teams need to play nine games, each game has a time limits of four minutes. The first game ends when any team gets five score, the second game ends at ten score, and the ninth game ends at 45 score. If four minutes is over and no one gets five score, the next pair of fencers continue with the current score. The first team gets 45 score, or the team with higher score when time ends wins the whole competition. Any team lose the competition if one fencer and one substitute abandon or are disqualified. If the score is even after the last game, the two fencers will take a one-minute overtime for one score.

 


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